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Acetylcholinesterase inhibition by substituted phenyl N-alkyl carbamates

, : Acetylcholinesterase inhibition by substituted phenyl N-alkyl carbamates. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 20(3): 537-540

Acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC inhibition constants (binding, carbamylation, reactivation, and overall bimolecular rate constants) were studied for selected substituted phenyl N-alkylcarbamates. N-Methylcarbamates were better inhibitors than larger N-alkylcarbamates. AChE from different species of animals showed remarkable species specificity toward these inhibitors. N-Ethylcarbamates were the least potent inhibitors of bovine erythrocyte AChE, while N-n-butyl or N-n-hexylcarbamates were the least potent inhibitors of AChE from the house-fly (Musca domestica L.), honey bee and house cricket (Acheta domesticus (L.)). Thus, short-chain N-alkyl (N-methyl to N-n-propyl) carbamates favoured the inhibition of insect AChE, while longer N-alkyl (N-n-butyl and higher) carbamates favoured the inhibition of bovine erythrocyte AChE. AChE inbibited by short-chain N-alkylcarbamates recovered its activity faster than the long-chain N-alkylcarbamates. Bovine erythrocyte AChE inhibited by carbamates recovered its activity much faster than insect AChE, especially when the inhibition was made by long-chain N-alkylcarbamates. Insecticidal activity was decreased when N-alkyl chain-length was increased.


PMID: 5072301

DOI: 10.1021/jf60181a042

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