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Late Cretaceous and Tertiary vegetation history of Africa


, : Late Cretaceous and Tertiary vegetation history of Africa. Monographiae Biologicae 31: 79-130

Land connections, climate and terrain have changed the types and areas occupied by Africa's vegetation since the middle Cretaceous. Climate, terrain, and environments became more complex adding diversity and breaking up older vegetation zones. Increasing aridity and topography have been over-riding factors. Equatorial rainforest was flanked by savannas to north and south, and sclerophyll vegetation in the zones affected by monsoonal climate by late Eocene.

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