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A procedure to identify genes affecting maturity using soybean isoline testers


, : A procedure to identify genes affecting maturity using soybean isoline testers. Crop Science 27(6): 1127-1132

Maturity genes in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] have been discovered through accidental cotransfer during backcrossing of other traits. This study evaluated a test for identification of maturity genes in soybean strains that does not require backcrossing such genes into a common genetic background. All eight maturity isolines with homozygous combinations of the genes E1 e1, E2 e2, and E3 e3 have been developed by backcrossing with the cultivar 'Clark'. These isolines were used in testcrosses with Clark, 'Harosoy', or 'Mukden'. Maturity dates (R8) for single field-grown plants of parental and F2 populations were taken in 1982. In 1983, flowering dates (R1) were also recorded, and pod-picked bulk F3 populations were included for the Harosoy testcrosses and Clark isolines. Genotypes were proposed after examining the changes in ranges and variances between test crosses, and by comparison with the harosoy and Clark testcross progenies in which the segregating loci were known. Harosoy and Clark were confirmed to have the alleles e1 e2 E3 and e1 E2 E3, respectively. The genes E1 and E2 could be detected singly or together using either flowering or maturity data. The gene E3 could not be reliably detected unless a photoperiod sensitivity follow-up test was utilized. Mukden had the genotype e1e2e3. This test will allow the maturity genotype of unrelated soybean strains to be determined, and make discovery of other genes possible without backcrossing into a common genetic background.

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