geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Effects of ammoniation on the 'carry-over' of aflatoxins into bovine milk


, : Effects of ammoniation on the 'carry-over' of aflatoxins into bovine milk. Food Additives and Contaminants 5(1): 39-44

Two experiments were performed using lactating cows fed various treated and non-treated commodities from AFB1 contaminated peanut cakes. Treatment with ammonia gas by an autoclaving process was used for detoxification. Two methods were used for AFM1 determination in every milk sample: a TLC procedure recognized by AOAC and IDF and an HPLC method with a detection limit of 0.100 and 0.010 microgram/l, respectively. In a first experiment, lactating cows were fed treated and untreated meals during periods separated by uncontaminated soya meals phases. The total excreted AFM1 was 2.6% of the total ingested AFB1 from untreated feed contaminated at 1100 micrograms/kg. During periods receiving treated meals in the diet, AFM1 contents in milk were below 0.1 microgram/l. However, by using AFM1 data obtained using the HPLC method, an AFM1/AFB1 ratio of 4.6% was found from treated feed contaminated at 40 micrograms AFB1/kg. In a second experiment, a herd of 50 lactating cows was used for a long term (16 months) feeding of mixed commodities containing 30% ammoniated peanut cakes. AFB1 residues in the treated diet were below 10 micrograms/kg, the EEC action level, and no AFM1 residue was found up to 0.1 microgram/l in collected milk throughout this experiment.

US$19.90

PMID: 3128454

DOI: 10.1080/02652038809373660


Other references

Ragimov, M.; Soloshenko, V.; Gaidai, A., 1978: Effects of rations with different contents of granulated fodder on the meat productivity and the anatomical and morphological peculiarities of structure of the ruminal papillae of Black Pied bull calves. Sibirskii vestnik sel'skokhoziaistvennoi nauki: (4) 72-78

Janusek, D.; Karczmarewicz, S.; Pawłowski, Zław.; Przybylski, A.; Gościńska-Bis, K.; Lubiński, A.; Zajac, T.; Urbańczyk, D.; Filipecki, A.; Romanik, B.; Kowalik, I., 2005: Relationship between duration of repolarisation and T wave amplitude in patients with positive or negative T wave alternans. Experimental studies documented the relationship between T wave alternans (TWA) and duration of refractoriness. To date, association between TWA and QT interval on standard ECG has not been examined. Aim. To assess the relationship between TWA and...

William D.Sellers, 1990: The genesis of energy balance modeling and the cool sun paradox. The works of S.A. Arrhenius and W.J. Humphreys relating to the radiation balance of the earth are reviewed briefly. These pioneers in energy balance climatology showed considerable understanding of the processes modulating the climate system and h...

Takanabe-Mori, R.; Ono, K.; Wada, H.; Takaya, T.; Ura, S.; Yamakage, H.; Satoh-Asahara, N.; Shimatsu, A.; Takahashi, Y.; Fujita, M.; Fujita, Y.; Sawamura, T.; Hasegawa, K., 2013: Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 plays an important role in vascular inflammation in current smokers. Smoking induces vascular inflammation and increases the risk of cardiovascular events. Lectinlike oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a scavenger receptor that is induced by oxidative stress and is associated with atheroscleroti...

Ballowitz, E., 1907: Die Form und Struktur der Schuppentierspermien. Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftliche Zoologie Leipzig, 86 619-624

Torres, G.; Berna, L.; Carrio, I.; Estorch, M.; Germa, J.R.mon; Alonso, C., 1993: Assessment of bone marrow in Pagets disease with technetium-99m antigranulocyte antibodies BW 250/183. Journal of Nuclear Medicine 34(5 SUPPL ): 146P

Meng, X.; Zhang, R.; Fu, Z.; Zhang, Q., 2016: Domain-dependent electronic structure and optical absorption property in hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites, represented by materials in the CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>PbI<sub>3</sub> series, have become one of the most promising materials for...

Rayburn, W.F.; Zhang, J., 2002: Rising rates of labor induction: present concerns and future strategies. The rate of labor induction nationwide increased gradually from 9.5% to 19.4% between 1990 and 1998. Reasons for this doubling of inductions relate to widespread availability of cervical ripening agents, pressure from patients, conveniences to phy...

Riosmena Rodriguez, R.; Acosta, E.H.lguin, 2001: Frond dynamics of Codium amplivesiculatum associated with rhodolith beds in the southwestern Gulf of California. Phycologia 40(4 Supplement): 97, July

McKeon, W.H.H.llister, W.F.; Rodak, M., 1966: Public hunting as a game management tool in southeastern New York. Transactions of the North American Wildlife Conference, 31: 307-323