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Effects of reducing dietary cation-anion balance on calcium kinetics in sheep

, : Effects of reducing dietary cation-anion balance on calcium kinetics in sheep. Journal of Dairy Science 74(12): 4225-4237

A Ca kinetic study with a four-compartment model being fitted to radioisotope and balance data using the CONSAM (conversational, simulation, analysis, and modeling) computer program was conducted to examine the effects of dietary cation-anion balance, calculated as milliequivalents [(Na + K] - (Cl + S)]. Twelve crossbred wethers were used as eucalcemic control (period 1); then Ca loss during lactation was simulated by continuous infusion of ethylene glycol tetraacetate (period 2). Dietary cation-anion balance was manipulated by supplementation of various mineral salts and was +339, +35, and -127 meq of kg DM-1 during period 1 and +429, +68, and -147 meq of kg DM-1 during period 2 for control and two treatments, respectively. Animals responded to the simulated lactational Ca loss (period 2) by increasing true intestinal absorption of Ca and bone resorption and by reducing Ca accretion by bone. No difference was observed in concentration of total Ca in plasma, but treatments produced increased concentration of plasma ionized Ca during both periods. Both treatments produced hypercalciuria during both periods, and the lowest cation-anion balance increased true intestinal absorption of Ca and reduced bone accretion during period 2. The size of total exchangeable Ca pool did not differ between treatments or periods, but amount of Ca movement between the pools increased with the intermediate cation-anion balance during period 1 and with both treatments during period 2 compared with control. These results indicated that feeding reduced cation-anion balance diets increased Ca flux through the exchangeable Ca pool with no changes in the size of the pool, particularly when Ca demand was increased.


PMID: 1787193

DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78618-9

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