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In vitro maturation and fertilization of buffalo oocytes (Bubalus bubalis ): Effects of media, hormones and sera

, : In vitro maturation and fertilization of buffalo oocytes (Bubalus bubalis ): Effects of media, hormones and sera. Theriogenology 39(5): 1153-1171

Media (TCM-199 and Ham's F-10); sera (fetal calf serum, FCS, and buffalo estrous serum, BES); and hormones (FSH, 0.5 ug/ml, LH, 5 ug/ml and estradiol 1 ug/ml) were tested to determine the efficiency of in vitro maturation and fertilization of buffalo follicular oocytes. Immature good quality cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 experiments. Each experiment consisted of 6 treatment groups. Oocytes cultured for 24 hours in medium (TCM-199 or Ham's F-10) containing 10% FCS or BES had a significantly higher maturation rate than those in medium alone (P < 0.05). However, the maturation rate was higher in medium supplemented with 10% FCS than with 10% BES. Addition of hormones alone or in combination with sera further improved the maturation rate, but no significant difference was observed in the maturation rate among the 3 hormone-treated groups. Immature oocytes matured in the various cultures were fertilized with frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa. Our findings show that hormone and/or serum supplementation of TCM-199 did not improve the fertilization rate. Supplementation of Ham's F-10 with LH alone or in combination with LH + FSH + E(2) and with FCS significantly improved the fertilization rate of oocytes while medium with FSH, E(2) or no hormones did not (P < 0.05); same media supplemented with BES resulted in lower fertilization rates both in the presence or absence of hormones. The results indicate that the culture medium has a marked effect on the fertilization rate of buffalo oocytes. Ham's F-10 + LH + FSH + E(2) supplemented with FCS was the most efficacious culture system of those studied for the in vitro maturation of buffalo oocytes.


PMID: 16727284

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