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Phosphorylation of the insulin receptor substrate IRS-1 by casein kinase II


, : Phosphorylation of the insulin receptor substrate IRS-1 by casein kinase II. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(24): 18157-18166

IRS-1, a principal substrate of the insulin receptor, is phosphorylated on serine, threonine, and tyrosine residues in a variety of tissues during insulin stimulation. Casein kinase II, an insulin-sensitive serine/threonine kinase, catalyzed the in vitro incorporation of 1 to 2 mol of phosphate/mol of recombinant rat IRS-I. Two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping of IRS-1 phosphorylated by casein kinase II in vitro and IRS-1 immunoprecipitated from intact Chinese hamster ovary cells demonstrated multiple common phosphopeptides, suggesting that overexpressed IRS-1 is a substrate for casein kinase II in these cells. Moreover, the common phosphopeptides that appeared to be insulin-sensitive in intact cells comprised 22% of casein kinase II-catalyzed 32P incorporation into IRS-1 in vitro. These data suggest that casein kinase II mediates a portion of the insulin-stimulated serine/threonine phosphorylation of overexpressed IRS-1 in vivo. By using phosphoamino acid analysis, strong cation exchange analysis, manual Edman degradation, and automated amino acid sequencing, Thr-502 was identified as the major casein kinase II-catalyzed phosphorylation site in rat IRS-1. Furthermore, Ser-99, an additional site labeled at low yield, appeared to be contained in an insulin-sensitive phosphopeptide. Thus, casein kinase II-catalyzed phosphorylation of IRS-1 may be a component of the intracellular insulin signalling cascade.

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PMID: 8349691


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