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Reliability of the measurement of postprandial thermogenesis in men of three levels of body fatness

, : Reliability of the measurement of postprandial thermogenesis in men of three levels of body fatness. Metabolism Clinical & Experimental 41(7): 754-762

To determine the reliability of the measurement of postprandial thermogenesis by indirect calorimetry and to clarify further the relationship of obesity to thermogenesis in men, the thermic effect of a 720-kcal, mixed liquid meal was compared in 13 lean men (mean .+-. SEM, 11.2% .+-. 1.4% body fat), 10 average men (22.4% .+-. 1.6% body fat), and 12 obese men (33.4% .+-. 1.6% body fat) on two occasions. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) was measured for 3 hours: (1) in the fasted state, and (2) after a 720-kcal mixed liquid meal, on two occasions. The thermic effect of the meal, calculated as the postprandial energy expenditure minus the fasting RMR (kcal/3 h), was greater for the lean and average men than for the obese men during both trials (P < .001), but was only marginally different between the lean and average groups (P = .16). The mean values for the two trials were similar and the measurement of thermogenesis was highly reproducible with a reliability coefficient of r = .932 (P < .001). Across all groups, thermogenesis correlated strongly with percent body fat (r = -.64, P < .01), but within the average men, thermogenesis was uncorrelated with percent body fat (r = .09) but highly correlated with the glucose response to the meal (r = -.75, P < .05). Thus, factors other than body fatness, such as insulin sensitivity, may determine thermogenesis within this heterogeneous middle group. These results indicate that postprandial thermogenesis is reliable, confirm the putative defective thermogenesis in obesity, and indicate the importance of careful body composition measurement and classification in the study of thermogenesis and obesity. Furthermore, in men with more than approximately 28% body fat, thermogenesis is consistently blunted.


PMID: 1619994

DOI: 10.1016/0026-0495(92)90316-3

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