geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (Carduus lanceolatus L., Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., non Hill)


, : Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (Carduus lanceolatus L., Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., non Hill). Journal of Ecology Oxford 81(1): 177-191

Cynareae, tribe Cardueae Cass., subtribe Carduinae Dumort. (Dittrich 1977). A biennial or short-lived monocarpic herb. In the juvenile phase individuals form a single rosette with taproot to 70 cm, and obovate-lanceolate prickly leaves. The first leaves are only slightly pinnatifid, but on mature rosettes the leaves are deeply pinnatifid and undulate, with the segments usually 2-lobed; the upper lobe is toothed near the base, the lower lobe is entire. Lobes and teeth have long stout spines (c. 8 mm long). In the generative phase a flowering stem is formed, 30-200 cm tall. Stem erect, interruptedly spiny-winged and cottony furrowed. Stem leaves decurrent, prickly-hairy above and rough or cottony beneath. The short-stalked flower heads solitary or in small clusters (2-3). Heads up to 5 cm long; the slightly cottony involucre 3-3.5 cm long, about two-thirds as broad as long. Involucral bracts green, 15 cm wide, and in many rows, the outer bracts with the long point recurved and spiny-tipped, and the inner bracts with the point erect. The pale red-purple (rarely white) corolla 27-35 mm long. The cypselae (referred to as 'seeds' for convenience in some later sections) c. 3.5 mm long and c. 1.5 mm wide. air-dry mass 1-4 mg, yellow streaked with black, and with white-feathered pappus (20-30 mm long). Several sub-species of dubious taxonomic status have been recognized (Hegi Fl. ed. 3, VI). Var. hypoleucum (DC.) Clapham (C. nemorale Rchb.) is of uncertain taxonomic status. Leaves hardly undulate, densely cottony beneath; branches few, strict, or none; heads few, ovoid-globose (Fl.Br.Isl.). Cirsium vulgare is most common in grasslands, road verges, fertile spoil heaps, building rubble and coastal dunes. It is also present in woodland clearings, rock outcrops, arable fields, on banks of rivers and streams, in hedgerows and along paths. Largely absent from pure hayfields and hay pastures and from deeply shaded and waterlogged habitats.

US$29.90


Other references

Gotlin, J.D.ezgic, P.T.ifunovic, V.S.tovic, F., 1973: The results and experiences in corn production technology in Yugoslavia. Agronomski glasnik: 35 (11 12) 527-548

Filosto, M.; Mancuso, M.; Bonilla, E.; Chronopoulou, P.; Shanske, S.; Dimauro, S., 2003: MERRF-like syndrome associated with a novel mutation in the mtDNA tRNAAsp gene. Neurology 60(5 Supplement 1): A464-A465, March 11

Alam, M.; Midtvedt, T.; Uribe, A., 1994: Differential cell kinetics in the ileum and colon of germfree rats. Our aim was to study the cell kinetics and epithelial structure in the ileum and colon of conventional and germfree AGUS rats by means of a classic stathmokinetic technique. A slight hyperplasia was observed in the villi of germfree animals (p <...

Stubbe, H.D.; Westphal, M.; Van Aken, H.; Hucklenbruch, C.; Lauer, S.; Jahn, U.R.; Hinder, F., 2003: Inhaled nitric oxide reduces lung edema during fluid resuscitation in ovine acute lung injury. Fluid resuscitation in sepsis-related lung injury is limited by aggravation of pulmonary edema. Hypovolemia, however, may compromise tissue perfusion and contribute to organ dysfunction. We hypothesized that inhaled nitric oxide would reduce edema...

Thakur C., 1988: Leaflet architecture in cassia spp. Venation pattern has been studied in 19 species of Cassia L. [C. absus, C. alata, C. artimesoides, C. auriculata, C. didymobotrya, C. fistula, C. glauca, C. javanica, C. marginata, C. nodosa, C. nodosa (hybrid), C. obtusifolia, C. occidentalis, C....

Klein, O.; Porra, R.J., 1982: The participation of the Shemin and C5 pathways in 5-aminolaevulinate and chlorophyll formation in higher plants and facultative photosynthetic bacteria. Chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll formation from 14C-labelled precursors was studied during the illumination of etiolated maize leaves excised from dark-grown seedlings and in cell suspensions of respiring, dark-, aerobically-grown Rhodopseudomo...

Holman, A.J., 2002: The value of rheumatologists to patients with fibromyalgia: comment on the presidential address by Weinblatt. Arthritis and Rheumatism 46(12): 3390; Author Reply 3390-3390; Author Reply 3390

Nakao, Shiro, 1999: Life cycle and wing polymorphism of composite thrips, Microcephalothrips abdominalis. To clarify the life cycle of Microcephalothrips abdominalis, the abundance of adults, the ovarian development of females, and the relative wing length of males captured both on flower heads of three species of Compositae in the field, and by water...

Gan, M.; Yang, D.; Fan, Y.; Du, J.; Shen, L.; Li, Q.; Jiang, Y.; Tang, G.; Li, M.; Wang, J.; Li, X.; Zhang, S.; Zhu, L., 2017: Bidirectional Regulation of Genistein on the Proliferation and Differentiation of C2C12 Myoblasts. 1. Genistein is a widely studied phytoestrogen. The effects of genistein on myoblasts were reported long ago, but the conclusions are controversial. In the current study, we evaluated the effects of different concentrations of genistein on C2C12 m...

Brygoo E.R.; Blanc C.P.; Domergue C.A., 1970: Notes on the brookesia of madagascar part 3 brookesia karchei new species of mount marojezy. Annales de l'Universite de Madagascar Serie Sciences de la Nature et Mathematiques (7): 267-271