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Floral volatiles of Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb

, : Floral volatiles of Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Journal of essential oil research: JEOR 7(4): 347-354

The floral volatiles of Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. (autumn olive) were isolated by simultaneous steam distillation/extraction and "purge and trap" techniques. Extracts were analyzed by GC/MS. In the steam distillate, 84 peaks were detected of which 56 were assigned structures. In the "purge and trap" analysis, 47 peaks were detected with 37 assigned structures. The principal steam distillate constituents were palmitic acid, C14 to C20 fatty acid methyl esters, eugenol, 4-methyl phenol, phenylacetaldehyde, and (E)-2-nonenal. Among the headspace volatiles recovered by "purge and trap," the most abundant compounds were 4-methyl anisole, 4-methoxy anisole, 4-methyl phenol, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, and (E)-2-hexenal. The composition of the essential oil indicates that it may have commercial value.


DOI: 10.1080/10412905.1995.9698541

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