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Boron availability to plants from coal combustion by-products

, : Boron availability to plants from coal combustion by-products. Water Air & Soil Pollution 87(1-4): 92-110

Agronomic use of coal combustion by-products is often associated with boron (B) excess in amended soils and subsequently in plants. A greenhouse study with corn (Zea mays L.) as test plant was conducted to determine safe application rates of five fly ashes and one flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FDG). All by-products increased soil and corn tissue B concentration, in some cases above toxicity levels which are 5 mg hot water soluble B (hwsB) kg-1 soil and 100 mg B kg-1 in corn tissue. Acceptable application rates varied from 4 to 100 Mg ha-1 for different by-products. Leaching and weathering of a high B fly ash under ponding conditions decreased its B content and that of com grown in fly ash amended soil, while leaching of the same fly ash under laboratory conditions increased fly ash B availability to corn in comparison to the fresh fly ash. Hot water soluble B in fly ash or FDG amended soil correlated very well with corn tissue B. Hot water soluble B in fly ash amended soil could be predicted based on soil pH and B solubility in ash at different pH values but not so in the case of FDG. Another greenhouse study was conducted to compare the influence of FDG and Ca(OH)-2 on B concentration in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaves grown in soil amended with the high B fly ash. The Ca(OH)-2 significantly decreased tissue B content, while FDG did not affect B uptake from fly ash amended soil.


DOI: 10.1007/bf00696831

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