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Differential responses of potato cell suspensions to a culture filtrate of Phytophthora infestans


, : Differential responses of potato cell suspensions to a culture filtrate of Phytophthora infestans. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung Section C Journal of Biosciences 52(5-6): 333-338

General (polygenic) resistance of plant hosts to an attack by a range of pathogens is an important feature of plant defense responses against the infection. In search of biochemical markers defining this resistance, cell suspensions derived from leaves of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cvs. Tarpan and Bzura that are polygenically susceptible and resistant to Phytophthora infestans, respectively, were inoculated with culture filtrate (CF) of the fungus. Cell suspension of Tarpan responded to CF treatment by a higher extracellular alkalinization and more significant reduction in their viability and growth than those of the Bzura cultivar. The stimulation of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity, but not of beta-1,3-glucanase, was significantly higher in CF treated Bzura cells than in Tarpan ones. The obtained results suggest that sensitivity to the fungal toxins and variation of PAL activity may represent useful markers for the evaluation of polygenic resistance in potato.

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