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Introgression of resistance to root-knot nematodes from wild Central American Solanum species into S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum

, : Introgression of resistance to root-knot nematodes from wild Central American Solanum species into S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95(3): 490-496

Crossing experiments were conducted to introduce resistance to the root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax, from various polyploid Central American Solanum spp. into the cultivated potato, S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum. The most effort was put into producing tetraploid hybrids through inter-EBN (Endosperm Balance Number) crosses. From the crosses of tetraploid S. tuberosum (4 EBN) with tetraploid S. stoloniferum and S. fendleri (both 2 EBN), few seeds were derived that led to viable plants. In vitro culture of immature seeds also yielded several hybrid plants. From crosses of diploid S. tuberosum (2 EBN) with hexaploid S. hougasii (4 EBN) four hybrids were obtained through in vitro culture. Backcrosses were made with selected hybrids and a variable number of seeds was produced depending on the hybrid genotype. The successful introgression of resistance into backcross populations is shown. A scheme is presented for the introgression of traits at a tetraploid level from allotetraploid Solanum species into autotetraploid S. tuberosum through sexual crosses. The relevance of EBN for potato breeding is discussed.


DOI: 10.1007/s001220050588

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