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Is alcohol a cofactor of HIV and AIDS? Evidence from immunological and behavioral studies


, : Is alcohol a cofactor of HIV and AIDS? Evidence from immunological and behavioral studies. Psychological Bulletin 122(1): 56-71

The authors aim to critically examine empirical research on the effects of alcohol on HIV and AIDS from the immunological and behavioural fields. In vitro immunological studies demonstrate that social drinking increases the susceptibility of human cells to HIV infection. Animal studies show that acute and chronic alcohol ingestion increases rate of progression from retrovirus to clinical illness. In humans with HIV, no experimental evidence shows that alcohol is a cofactor of AIDS.

US$19.90

PMID: 9204781

DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.122.1.56


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