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Pathogenic variability in Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet, cause of black Sigatoka in banana and plantain

, : Pathogenic variability in Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet, cause of black Sigatoka in banana and plantain. New Zealand Journal of Crop & Horticultural Science 23(1): 39-48

Sixty-three strains of Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet obtained from various Musa hosts in a range of different countries and localities were inoculated to juvenile plants of a standard set of Musa genotypes. Individual strains had consistent but different patterns of pathogenicity on the host set. Some genotypes (SF215, 11-249 ('Saimea'), 'Grande Naine') were susceptible to practically all isolates. Others. e.g., 'T8' and 'Calcutta', were resistant to some isolates but susceptible to others. Strains from Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands exhibited a wide range of pathogenic diversity. Some strains from those regions were pathogenic on juvenile plants of genotypes commonly used as sources of resistance in breeding programmes ('Calcutta','Paka', and ' Pisana Lilin'). These strains may threaten resistant progeny derived from those genotypes. Analysis of pathogenicity of strains collected over 4 years in Rarotonga, Cook Islands, has confirmed field observations that 'Paka' resistance is no longer effective on that Island. 'Paka' virulence has been found to be widespread in strains from the Pacific Islands and Papua New Guinea. Juvenile plants of 'Yangambi' (AAA), generally considered to be resistant to M. fijiensis, were susceptible to strains which were virulent on 'Paka'. The availability of pure cultures of strains with differential virulence on specific Musa genotypes will facilitate the analysis of the inheritance of resistance to M. fijiensis.


DOI: 10.1080/01140671.1995.9513866

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