+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The burden of rodent-borne diseases in Africa south of the Sahara

, : The burden of rodent-borne diseases in Africa south of the Sahara. Belgian Journal of Zoology 127(SUPPL ): 71-84, Oct

There are many vector-borne diseases in Africa which cause a heavy toll in human morbidity, mortality, economic loss and suffering. Plague remains endemic in several countries in Africa; 1,269 cases of plague were reported in Africa in 1994 and these represent 43.2% of the 2,935 human cases of plague from all the world and 50% of the mortality. The 6 countries which have reported human cases of the disease as recently as 1994 are Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zaire and Zimbabwe. Natural foci of the infection remain in others. However, in addition to plague, other infections and human diseases with rodent reservoirs account for a great deal of morbidity and mortality in Africa though little actual data are available on the number of cases. The rodent-borne infections include the virus diseases Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, and, possibly, Rift Valley fever. Bacterial infections include brucellosis, leptospirosis, plague, rat-bite fever, tick-borne relapsing fever and tularemia. Rickettsial infections are common and include murine typhus, tick typhus, Q-fever. There are also several helminthic infections which may be passed from rodents to man and the most important of these is schistosomiasis. One must take into account the fact that serious rodent depredations on man's foodstuffs can also lead to malnutrition.


Other references

Sutor, A.H.; Niemeyer, C.; Sauter, S.; Witt, I.; Kaufmehl, K.; Rombach, A.; Brandis, M.; Riehm, H., 1992: Changes in blood coagulation in treatment with ALL-BFM-90 and NHL-BFM-90 protocols. 1. Treatment according to the ALL/NHL-BFM 90 protocol I (induction phase) caused multiple and severe coagulation changes in all 14 patients of our study. Glucocorticoids alone made Fibrinogen drop to 148 mg/dl, AT III and Protein C rise to 136% or...

D.C.nha, J.F.; Fraga, C.; Jr., 1963: The effects of mineral and organic nutrition and of liming on banana production in coastal plantations at Caraguatatuba, Sao Paulo state. On predominantly sandy soils of pH 5.17-5.95 banana production did not respond to liming or to P application, but was increased slightly by mineral N and markedly by K. Cotton seed cake, and more particularly castor pomace, produced large yield in...

Skwortzoff, A.A., 1924: Materialen zur Fauna der Larvenformen von in Mollusken der Wolga und Wetluga lebenden Trematoden. Arbeiten der Biologischen Wolga-Station Saratov, 7: 201-211

Bashford, Richard, 2000: The breeding bird survey The first five years. With five years worth of data collected, the BTO/JNCC/RSPB Breeding Bird Survey is now collecting invaluable information from nearly 2,300 1-km squares. Richard Bashford reports on the latest results and progress of the scheme so far.

Segura, M.; Roura, L.; D.L.T.rre, R.; Joglar, J., 2003: Synthesis of the major metabolites of Paroxetine. Paroxetine is a well-known antidepressant, used worldwide in therapeutics. In comparison with other selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, it exhibits the highest activity in serotonin reuptake inhibition. Paroxetine metabolism initially involve...

Nejneru, I.; Cazaceanu, I.; Cristea, F., 1966: A study of intercropping maize with french beans. It was confirmed by trials during 1963-65 that the loss of maize crop through intercropping with dwarf beans was more than offset by the profit obtained from the sale of the beans.

Kattige, A.; Rowley, G., 2006: The effect of poloxamer viscosity on liquid-filling of solid dispersions in hard gelatin capsules. Preliminary studies were undertaken on poloxamers to investigate their suitability for liquid-fill formulations for hard gelatin capsules. Poloxamers with viscosity in the range (0.32-2.8 Pa s) and melting point 48-58 degrees C were used as the co...

Sheng, H.; Li, W.; Ge, Y., 2006: Responses of changium smyrnioides seedlings survival and growth to light intensity. Changium smyrnioides, a monotypic species in Umbellaceae, can only be found in Yangtze Rive basin in China, and its seedlings are rare in natural habitats. The study on the effects of light intensity on C. smyrnioides seedlings survival and growth...

Raghavachar, A.; Frickhofen, N.; Heimpel, H., 1987: Cyclosporin A in the therapy of hematologic diseases. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 112(14): 556-559

Timmons, A.M.; O'brien, E.T.; Charters, Y.M.; Dubbels, S.J.; Wilkinson, M.J., 1995: Assessing the risks of wind pollination from fields of genetically modified Brassica napus ssp. oleifera. Intensive research over the past 10 years has produced many genetically-modified lines of oilseed rape with market potential. Assessment of these lines in statutory trials prior to their release as cultivars is necessary, owing to concern over the...