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Action of photosynthetic diuron herbicide on cell organelles and biochemical constituents of the leaves of two soybean cultivars


, : Action of photosynthetic diuron herbicide on cell organelles and biochemical constituents of the leaves of two soybean cultivars. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 66(2): 105-115

Two varieties of soybean (Glycine max L. cv. Clark and Crawford) showed a high sensitivity to low concentrations of diuron herbicide [3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea]. Depending on the application dose of diuron, chlorosis, necrosis, and wilting of leaves ending in death after 7 to 10 days were observed. These symptoms were more obvious in the Clark variety even at the lowest concentration of diuron (1 ppm, 4.29 mM). Electron microscopic observation of treated plants revealed disorganization in the ultrastructure of mesophyll cell organelles. Disappearance of starch grains, decrease of plastoglobuli, and swelling and disarrangement of grana thylakoid of chloroplasts were observed in comparison to untreated plants. The guard cells of stomata of the Clark variety were seriously affected. The chlorophyll content of diuron-treated plants was sharply lowered. On the other hand, proline, soluble protein, and carbohydrate contents of leaves were increased in diuron-treated plants. The protein pattern of treated leaves of the two cultivars was altered, and the most profound change is the appearance of a new [similar or equal]207-kDa polypeptide. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1006/pest.1999.2459


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