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Changes and alternatives in farmers' livelihood planning in an industrial forest plantation area in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

, : Changes and alternatives in farmers' livelihood planning in an industrial forest plantation area in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 12(4): 257-281

Changes and alternatives in farmers' livelihood planning were studied in an industrial forest plantation scheme in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The changes in livelihood structure between 1950 and 1998 were assessed using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques. Additionally, the villagers' opinions on the forest plantation scheme were surveyed.


DOI: 10.1080/14728028.2002.9752431

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