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Evidence for male-biased effective sex ratio and recent step-by-step colonization in the bivalve Pinctada mazatlanica

, : Evidence for male-biased effective sex ratio and recent step-by-step colonization in the bivalve Pinctada mazatlanica. Journal of Evolutionary Biology ember; 16(5): 790-796

This paper presents a comparison of the geographical distribution of genetic variability at mitochondrial and nuclear loci among pearl oyster populations from the tropical American Pacific coast (Pinctada mazatlanica). Surprisingly, both mitochondrial and nuclear gene variability decreased regularly from north to south of the studied area, which, altogether with a significant correlation between genetic and geographical distances for mtDNA, suggests a recent colonization or re-colonization of the southern areas. However, the loss of diversity between north and south was much more important for mitochondrial than for nuclear DNA, and this did not translate into measurable fixation index at nuclear loci (theta = 0.03, n.s.), contrary to the mitochondrial data (theta = 0.18*). Smaller effective size of mtDNA accentuated by a strong male-biased effective sex ratio and step-by-step colonization from northern areas can explain this discrepancy among natural populations of this protandric species.


PMID: 14635894

DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00603.x

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