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Identification and characterization of two distinct GnRH receptor subtypes in a teleost, the medaka Oryzias latipes

, : Identification and characterization of two distinct GnRH receptor subtypes in a teleost, the medaka Oryzias latipes. Endocrinology 142(11): 4729-4739

We report the identification and characterization of two distinct GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) subtypes, designated GnRH-R1 and GnRH-R2, in a model teleost, the medaka Oryzias latipes. These seven-transmembrane receptors of the medaka contain a cytoplasmic C-terminal tail, which has been found in all other nonmammalian GnRH-Rs cloned to date. The GnRH-R1 gene is composed of three exons separated by two introns, whereas the GnRH-R2 gene has an additional intron and therefore consists of four exons and three introns. The GnRH-R1 and GnRH-R2 genes, both of which exist as single-copy genes in the medaka genome, were mapped to linkage groups 3 and 16, respectively. Inositol phosphate assays using COS-7 cells transfected with GnRH-R1 and GnRH-R2 demonstrated that they had remarkably different ligand sensitivities, although both receptors showed highest preference for chicken-II-type GnRH. Phylogenetic analysis showed the presence of three paralogous lineages for vertebrate GnRH-Rs and indicated that neither GnRH-R1 nor GnRH-R2 is the medaka orthologue to mammalian GnRH-Rs that lack a cytoplasmic tail. This, together with an observation that medaka-type GnRH had low affinity for GnRH-R1 and GnRH-R2, suggests that a third GnRH-R may exist in the medaka.


PMID: 11606438

DOI: 10.1210/endo.142.11.8475

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