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Production of crude papain from papaya latex and by-product utilization of papaya

, : Production of crude papain from papaya latex and by-product utilization of papaya. Horticultural Journal 14(3): 1-5

Latex containing papain was extracted from 70- to 100-day-old fruits of pawpaw Co-2 by tapping 4 or 6 times on the fruit. Latex was subsequently collected from the same fruit at 4- and 7-day intervals. The scarred fruits were then utilized for tuti-fruity production using small, uniform cubes of 1 or 2 cm treated with 15, 20 or 25% salt solution for 15 days before cooking in sugar solution for 15, 30 or 45 minutes. Latex yield decreased with successive tapping.


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Schmidt, F.A C., 2005: Lizards in family groups husbandry and breeding of the giant plated lizard Gerrhosaurus v vallidus Echsen im Familienverband Haltung und Zucht der Felsen-Schildechse, Gerrhosaurus v vallidus. This report provides detailed information on husbandry and breeding of the giant plated lizards (Gerrhosaurus v. vallidus). The well-known scientific name Gerrhosaurus validus is invalid, as SMITH used the term vallidus in his first description an...

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Marshall, J.A., 1952: An account of the urological residency at Maine Medical Center. Journal of the Maine Medical Association 43(8): 285-285

Boonzaier, J.; Van der Merwe, E.L.; Bennett, N.C.; Kotzé, S.H., 2013: Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of three small mammalian insectivores: Acomys spinosissimus (Rodentia), Crocidura cyanea (Eulipotyphla), and Amblysomus hottentotus (Afrosoricida). The gastrointestinal morphology was investigated in three mammalian insectivorous species, namely Acomys spinosissimus, Crocidura cyanea, and Amblysomus hottentotus. The aim of the study was to provide a comprehensive morphological comparison betw...

Khan, H.R.; Price, D.A.; Doble, K.E.; Greenberg, M.J.; Saleuddin, A.S.M., 1998: FMRFamide-related peptides, partial serotonin depletion, and osmoregulation in Helisoma duryi. Serotonergic neurons were studied by specific histological methods, and neurons containing Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2 (FMRFamide)-related heptapeptides were identified with an antiserum specific for these substances in the central nervous system of the f...

Toogood, J.H.; Hodsman, A.B.; Fraher, L.J.; Markov, A.E.; Baskerville, J.C., 1999: Serum osteocalcin and procollagen as markers for the risk of osteoporotic fracture in corticosteroid-treated asthmatic adults. Background: Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry provides the definitive measure of osteoporotic fracture risk. Objective: We sought to determine whether metabolic measures of bone formation and/or common features of clinical hypercortisonism provide...

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