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Effects of chronic ICV leptin infusion on motor-activating effects of D-amphetamine in food-restricted and ad libitum fed rats

, : Effects of chronic ICV leptin infusion on motor-activating effects of D-amphetamine in food-restricted and ad libitum fed rats. Physiology & Behavior 83(3): 377-381

Recently, attention has turned to the possibility that endocrine adiposity hormones, such as leptin, may regulate appetitively motivated behavior by modulating brain dopamine function. By extension, it has been hypothesized that the increased behavioral sensitivity of food-restricted, underweight rats to psychostimulant challenge may be triggered by the accompanying hypoleptinemia. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether two weeks of continuous intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of leptin alters the motor-activating effect of D-amphetamine (0.75 mg/kg, IP) in food-restricted rats. Lateral ventricular infusion of leptin, using a regimen that decreases food intake and body weight in ad libitum fed rats (12 micro g/day), had no effect on the locomotor response to D-amphetamine in food-restricted rats that were maintained at 80% of prerestriction body weight. This result may indicate that hypoleptinemia is not involved in the induction/maintenance of neuroadaptations that mediate enhanced behavioral sensitivity to psychostimulant challenge. Interestingly, ad libitum fed rats treated with leptin displayed an increased locomotor response to D-amphetamine that was most prominent 3-5 days after termination of the infusion. Body weights and D-amphetamine sensitivity of these subjects returned to control values by 8-10 days postinfusion. The enhanced behavioral sensitivity to D-amphetamine in leptin-treated ad libitum fed rats may be a by-product of adipose depletion and, if so, would further support involvement of a peripheral signal other than hypoleptinemia in the modulation of central sensitivity to psychostimulant challenge.


PMID: 15581659

DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2004.08.007

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