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Maternal food restriction enhances insulin-induced GLUT-4 translocation and insulin signaling pathway in skeletal muscle from suckling rats

, : Maternal food restriction enhances insulin-induced GLUT-4 translocation and insulin signaling pathway in skeletal muscle from suckling rats. Endocrinology 146(8): 3368-3378

Restriction of protein calories during stages of immaturity has a major influence on glucose metabolism and increases the risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. However, it is known that reduction of food intake alleviates insulin resistance. We previously demonstrated an improved insulin-induced glucose uptake in skeletal muscle of chronically undernourished adult rats. The purpose of this work was to investigate whether this condition is present during suckling, a period characterized by physiological insulin resistance as well as elucidate some of the underlying mechanisms. With this aim, 10-d-old pups from food-restricted dams were studied. We showed that undernourished suckling rats are glucose normotolerants, despite their depressed insulin secretion capacity. The content of the main glucose transporters in muscle, GLUT-4 and GLUT-1, was not affected by undernutrition, but fractionation studies showed an improved insulin-stimulated GLUT-4 translocation. p38MAPK protein, implicated in up-regulation of intrinsic activity of translocated GLUT-4, was increased. These changes suggest an improved insulin-induced glucose uptake associated with undernutrition. Insulin receptor content as well as that of both regulatory and catalytic phosphoinositol 3-kinase subunits was increased by food restriction. Insulin receptor substrate-1-associated phosphoinositol 3-kinase activity after insulin was enhanced in undernourished rats, as was phospho-glycogen synthase kinase-3, in line with insulin hypersensitivity. Surprisingly, protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B association with insulin receptor was also increased by undernutrition. These adaptations to a condition of severely limited nutritional resources might result in changes in the development of key tissues and be detrimental later in life, when a correct amount of nutrients is available, as the thrifty phenotype hypothesis predicts.


PMID: 15905322

DOI: 10.1210/en.2004-1658

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