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Photoinhibition and recovery of photosynthesis in leaves of Vitis berlandieri and Vitis rupestris


, : Photoinhibition and recovery of photosynthesis in leaves of Vitis berlandieri and Vitis rupestris. Journal of Plant Physiology 161(2): 203-210

Photoinhibition of photosynthesis was studied in Vitis berlandieri and Vitis rupestris leaves under controlled conditions (irradiation of detached leaves to about 1900 micromol m(-2) s(-1)). The degree of photoinhibition was determined by means of the ratio of variable to maximum chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence (Fv/Fm) and electron transport measurements. The potential efficiency of PS2, Fv/Fm declined, Fo increased significantly in leaves of V. berlandieri, while Fo decreased in V. rupestris. In isolated thylakoids, the rate of whole chain and PS2 activity markedly decreased in high light irradiated more in leaves of V. berlandieri than in leaves of V. rupestris. A smaller inhibition of PS1 activity was also observed in both leaves. In the subsequent dark incubation, fast recovery was observed in both leaves and reached maximum PS2 efficiencies similar to those observed in non-photoinhibited leaves. The artificial exogenous electron donors DPC, NH2OH and Mn2+ failed to restore the high light induced loss of PS2 activity in V. berlandieri leaves, while DPC and NH2OH significantly restored in V. rupestris leaves. It is concluded that high light inactivates on the donor side of PS2 and acceptor side of PS2 in V. rupestris and V. berlandieri leaves, respectively. Quantification of the PS2 reaction center protein D1 and 33 kDa protein of water splitting complex following high light exposure of leaves showed pronounced differences between V. berlandieri and V. rupestris leaves. The marked loss of PS2 activity in high light irradiated leaves was due to the marked loss of D1 protein and 33 kDa protein in V. berlandieri and V. rupestris leaves, respectively.

US$19.90

PMID: 15022835

DOI: 10.1078/0176-1617-00838


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