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Serine metabolism in Lactobacillus plantarum


, : Serine metabolism in Lactobacillus plantarum. International journal of food microbiology31 89(2-3): 265-273

This study investigated the metabolism of (L-) serine by Lactobacillus plantarum B3089 isolated from cheese. Serine was deaminated by growing cells to ammonia with the corresponding formation of acetate and formate. Serine was also deaminated by non-growing cells to ammonia but with the formation of acetate only (no production of formate). Phosphoserine and threonine were not catabolised. It is proposed that serine was deaminated by serine dehydratase (deaminase) to ammonia and pyruvate. Pyruvate was further catabolised predominantly to acetate, carbon dioxide and formate in growing cells, catalysed by pyruvate-formate lyase and pyruvate oxidase; some of the pyruvate was converted to acetoin. In non-growing cells, however, pyruvate-formate lyase was inactive and pyruvate oxidase degraded the pyruvate to acetate and carbon dioxide. Serine dehydratase activity could not be detected in cell-free extracts, presumably because of enzyme instability. The growth of L. plantarum was neither enhanced nor stimulated by serine under the current conditions. Whereas there was little difference in serine utilisation between pH 7.0 and pH 5.8, serine utilisation was decreased by 30% at pH 5.0. NaCl of up to 4% (w/v) concentration had little effect on serine utilisation. Serine had no impact on lactose metabolism. Lactose was fermented mainly to lactate (73%) with the remainder converted to an unidentified polysaccharide (27%).

US$19.90

PMID: 14623392

DOI: 10.1016/s0168-1605(03)00157-0


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