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A front-end desaturase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii produces pinolenic and coniferonic acids by omega 13 desaturation in methylotrophic yeast and tobacco


, : A front-end desaturase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii produces pinolenic and coniferonic acids by omega 13 desaturation in methylotrophic yeast and tobacco. Plant and Cell Physiology 47(1): 64-73

Pinolenic acid (PA; 18:3 Delta 5,9,12) and coniferonic acid (CA; 18:4 Delta 5,9,12,15) are Delta 5-unsaturated bis-methylene-interrupted fatty acids ( Delta 5-UBIFAs) commonly found in pine seed oil. They are assumed to be synthesized from linoleic acid (LA; 18:2 Delta 9,12) and alpha -linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3 Delta 9,12,15), respectively, by Delta 5-desaturation. A unicellular green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii also accumulates PA and CA in a betain lipid.

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