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A follow up study on writing posture and writing movement of young children

, : A follow up study on writing posture and writing movement of young children. Journal of Human Movement Studies 14(2): 57-74

55 children who were subjects in an earlier study on writing behaviour (Blote, Zielstra and Zoetewey, 1986), were tested 3 more times within one year afte the first measurement. In this follow-up study the changes in overt motor variables of the writing behaviour of the children over time were investigated. It was found that the interrelationships within the set of variables are about the same at the 4 time points. That is, the structure of the variables remains more or less stable in time. What changes is the frequency of occurrence of several aspects of the writing behaviour. A growing number of children show high muscle tension in writing, and a low, forward leaning posture. Besides, there is an increase of more mature positions of the arm and hand, and of adequate grip postures. Some changes in the writing behaviour of the children are assumed to be related to the start of writing instruction in the first grade. Task effects that had been found at T1, also turn up in a sum analysis of all data.


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