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Amino Acid Metabolism of Lemna minor L. : III. Responses to Aminooxyacetate


, : Amino Acid Metabolism of Lemna minor L. : III. Responses to Aminooxyacetate. Plant Physiology 87(2): 447-453

Aminooxyacetate, a known inhibitor of transaminase reactions and glycine decarboxylase, promotes rapid depletion of the free pools of serine and aspartate in nitrate grown Lemna minor L. This compound markedly inhibits the methionine sulfoximine-induced accumulation of free ammonium ions and greatly restricts the methionine sulfoximine-induced depletion of amino acids such as glutamate, alanine, and asparagine. These results suggest that glutamate, alanine, and asparagine are normally catabolized to ammonia by transaminase-dependent pathways rather than via dehydrogenase or amidohydrolase reactions. Aminooxyacetate does not inhibit the methionine sulfoximine-induced irreversible deactivation of glutamine synthetase in vivo, indicating that these effects cannot be simply ascribed to inhibition of methionine sulfoximine uptake by aminooxyacetate. This transaminase inhibitor promotes extensive accumulation of several amino acids including valine, leucine, isoleucine, alanine, glycine, threonine, proline, phenylalanine, lysine, and tyrosine. Since the aminooxyacetate induced accumulations of valine, leucine, and isoleucine are not inhibited by the branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis inhibitor, chlorsulfuron, these amino acid accumulations most probably involve protein turnover. Depletions of soluble protein bound amino acids are shown to be approximately stoichiometric with the free amino acid pool accumulations induced by aminooxyacetate. Aminooxyacetate is demonstrated to inhibit the chlorsulfuron-induced accumulation of .alpha.-amino-n-butyrate in L. minor, supporting the notion that this amino acid is derived from transamination of 2-oxobutyrate.

US$19.90

PMID: 16666162

DOI: 10.1104/pp.87.2.447


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