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Behavioral and electro antennogram synergism of various compounds to di propyl di sulfide in the ovipositional attraction of the onion fly hylemya antiqua diptera anthomyiidae


, : Behavioral and electro antennogram synergism of various compounds to di propyl di sulfide in the ovipositional attraction of the onion fly hylemya antiqua diptera anthomyiidae. Applied Entomology & Zoology 16(4): 432-442

Twenty-eight derivatives of dipropyl disulfide and ethyl acetate were screened for ovipositional attractancy and EAG [electroantennogram] responses of the onion fly. There was no correlation between the fly's EAG responses and the ovipositional attractancy of the tested compounds. Ethanol, propanol, methyl acetate, dipropyl ether and propyl chloride, which resemble the disulfide in their physico-chemical characteristics, synergizes the disulfide at certain mixing ratios. EAG studies with these synergistic mixtures suggested that ethyl acetate works on the same sensillum and receptor sites as the disulfide to synergize the ovipositional attractancy. Propanol was postulated to stimulate a separate sensillum from that of the disulfide, because the EAG response to the mixture was additive. The ternary mixtures of the synergistic compounds and the disulfide did not yield any attractancy in spite of causing the highest EAG responses, which were formulated as such. The EAG provides no adequate means for screening the attractive compounds and their mixtures.

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