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Biology of the peregrine falcon falco peregrinus in calabria italy


, : Biology of the peregrine falcon falco peregrinus in calabria italy. Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia 49(4): 241-262

Calabria, in the extreme south of the Italian mainland, appears to offer a good habitat for this species. The population density of the falcon is rather limited: 10 nests occupied by pairs that seem strongly pair-bonded and capable of reproducing almost every year. Isolated individuals claiming territories sit on walls, especially along the coast; pairing is difficult, as falcons tend not to move away from their home territory. Of the Calabrian coast line of .apprx. 800 km, only 20 km are occupied by falcon nests. Other falcons colonize the interior and hot and arid regions on the Ionian Sea, which also form the favorite habitat for the Lanner falcon (Falco biarmicus). The peregrine falcon is described, its average weight (540-880 g) and dimensions are listed; its hunting movements, favorite nesting sites and feeding preferences are described. Song thrushes (Turdus philomelos) are the preferred prey. The falcon also attacks kestrels (F. tinnunculus).

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