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Breeding biology of the barn owl tyto alba in central mali

, : Breeding biology of the barn owl tyto alba in central mali. Ibis 128(1): 81-90

Data were obtained on 178 clutches of African Barn Owls in central Mali from four breeding seasons during 1979-1983. Significantly more clutches were laid in 1979-1980 and significantly fewer in 1980-1981 than the average for the 4 years and there were significantly more clutches laid in the middle period of the annual breeding season. The egg volume was significantly smaller at the beginning of the breeding season and significantly larger in the middle than the overall mean with eggs of second clutches being larger than those of first clutches. The clutch size was 6.05 eggs of which 4.79 hatched. The number of young fledged per successful nest was 3.19 and was 1.83 for all nesting attempts. The month was the only variable shown to affect significantly the clutch size, egg hatched and fledging rate, the highest success rates being associated with the middle of the breeding period. The average interval between the hatching of eggs was 2.31 days. Survival rates (47.1%) to fledging were significantly affected by year (1981-1982 being the least) and month (mid-season birds the best). The order of hatching significantly affected age at death or disappearance, the firsthatched birds surviving the longest. The year significantly affected age at fledging, the young from the year in which most clutches were laid leaving the nest at the youngest age and those associated with the year having the least number of clutches remaining in the nest the longest. The month of hatching also affected fledging age, birds at the extremes of the breeding season fledging at older ages. The discussion compares these data with those from elsewhere.


DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919x.1986.tb02095.x

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