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Canine renal vascular response to bilateral carotid occlusion during hypoxia

, : Canine renal vascular response to bilateral carotid occlusion during hypoxia. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 180(1): 185-190

Chloralose-urethane anesthetized dogs were utilized to determine if hypoxemic potentiation of the baroreceptor-mediated increase in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) results in sufficient renal vascular vasoconstriction to reduce renal blood flow (RBF) during bilateral carotid occlusion (BCO). Additionally, hypercapnia and mechanical ventilation were randomly combined with hypoxemia during BCO to determine if further augmentation of renal vasoconstriction could be accomplished. BCO resulted in a similar increase in blood pressure (renal perfusion pressure) in all periods. RBF was not reduced significantly by BCO during any period even though renal vascular resistance was significantly increased by BCO during each period. When hypoxemia was combined with hypercapnia and mechanical ventilation simultaneously, there was a greater percentage increase in renal resistance with BCO. During BCO, when renal perfusion pressure was returned to control values by suprarenal aortic constriction, RBF remained unchanged and renal resistance decreased to control values. These results indicate that the BCO-induced increase in RSNA is relatively moderate and, even when potentiated by hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and mechanical ventilation, is not sufficient to reduce RBF in the presence of an increase in blood pressure and renal autoregulation.


PMID: 3929256

DOI: 10.3181/00379727-180-42162

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