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Cartilage proteoglycan core protein gene expression during limb cartilage differentiation


, : Cartilage proteoglycan core protein gene expression during limb cartilage differentiation. Developmental Biology 118(1): 112-117

Changes in the steady-state cytoplasmic levels of mRNA for the core protein of the major sulfated proteoglycan of cartilage were examine during the course of limb chondrogenesis in vitro using cloned cDNA probes. Cytoplasmic core protein mRNA begins to accumulate at the onset of overt chondrogenesis in micromass culture coincident with the crucial condensation phase of the process, in which prechondrogenic mesenchymal cells become closely juxtaposed prior to depositing a cartilage matrix. The initiation of core protein mRNA accumulation coincides with a dramatic increase in the accumulation of mRNA for type II collagen, the other major constituent of hyaline cartilage matrix. Following condensation, there is a concomitant progressive increase in cytoplasmic core protein and type II collagen mRNA accumulation which parallels the progressive accumulation of cartilage matrix by the cells. The relative rate of accumulation of cytoplasmic type II collagen mRNA is greater than twice that of core protein mRNA during chondrogenesis in micromass culture. Cyclic AMP, an agent implicated in the regulation of chondrogenesis elicits a concomitant two- to fourfold increase in both cartilage core protein and type II collagen mRNA levels by limb mesenchymal cells. Core protein gene expression is more sensitive to cAMP than type II collagen gene expression. These results suggest that the cartilage proteoglycan core protein and type II collagen genes are coordinately regulated during the course of limb cartilage differentiation, although there are quantitative differences in the extent of expression of the two genes.

US$19.90

PMID: 3021549

DOI: 10.1016/0012-1606(86)90078-3


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