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Characterization of cytosine permeation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae


, : Characterization of cytosine permeation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Bacteriology 122(2): 629-641

Cytosine permeation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been studied. Cytosine uptake is mediated by a permease which is also responsible for purines transport. The Km for the transport of various substrates of this permease have been determined. By means of appropriate selective techniques, mutants with altered Km and mutants lacking the permease have been selected. Cytosine transport is active and is inhibited by 2,4-dinitrophenol, an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, and by N-ethylmaleimide, a reagent of--SH group. Internal labeled cytosine is chased by addition of unlabeled cytosine in the medium. These results support the hypothesis of a carrier-mediated transport, with reduced internal affinity, allowing the release and accumulation of cytosine in the inner compartment. The efflux of cytosine from cytosine permease-less cells has also been studied and shows first order kinetics. A diffusion coefficient of 5.7 per 10- minus 8 cm per S- minus 1 has been evaluated for this efflux.

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PMID: 47858


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