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Clinico biochemical aspects of experimentally induced hypomagnesemia in buffalo calves


, : Clinico biochemical aspects of experimentally induced hypomagnesemia in buffalo calves. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 58(1): 38-44

Hypomagnesemia was induced in 5 male buffalo-calves of 3-7 months of age by daily intraruminal administration of KCl @ 1.3 g/kg and citric acid @ 1.1 /kg body weight till death. Various parameters, such as Mg++, Ca++, Pi, Na+, K+, pH, haemoglobin and PCV were studied to know electrolytes, biochemical and haematological change in serum, rumen fluid, CSF and urine. Haemoconcentration due to dehydration as indicated by elevation of haemoglobin and PCV was noticed during the progression of hypomagnesemia. Decrease in rumen fluid and urinary pH was observed. Mg++ and Pi decreased significantly, while Ca++ and Na+ fluctuated nonsignificantly except that the latter showed a significant decrease in urine. K+ showed marked elevation in serum and various body secretions during the course of hypomagnesemia. Tetanic symptoms were not observed during the present study, possibly because the levels of Mg++ in CSF did not fall appreciably.

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