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Compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral kidney after unilateral ureteral ligation


, : Compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral kidney after unilateral ureteral ligation. Journal of Physiology 220(1): 199-210

1. The ligation of one ureter is accompanied by compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral kidney.2. The rate of growth of the contralateral kidney after ligation of the opposite ureter is similar to that observed after unilateral nephrectomy.3. Ligation of one ureter produced ipsilateral hydronephrosis.4. The development of hydronephrosis was accompanied by a marked increase of DNA, suggesting hyperplasia, and of the rate of anaerobic glycolysis, while the rate of oxygen uptake decreased, especially in the cortex.5. During compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral kidney, after ligation of the opposite ureter, there were increases of RNA/DNA ratios and of oxygen uptake, especially marked in the cortex, and in every respect similar to those observed after unilateral nephrectomy.6. Ligation of one ureter resulted in an increase of glomerular filtration rate of the contralateral kidney similar to that observed after unilateral nephrectomy.7. The mechanisms of contralateral renal hypertrophy after ligation of one ureter and after unilateral nephrectomy are discussed. It is suggested that in both cases the prime mover to compensatory hypertrophy is the increase of glomerular filtration rate.

US$19.90

PMID: 5059234

DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1972.sp009701


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