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Correlation of immunogenicity and production of ornithine by peritoneal macrophages

, : Correlation of immunogenicity and production of ornithine by peritoneal macrophages. Journal of Immunology 139(3): 899-904

The release of ornithine by macrophages and its correlation with their immunogenicity after treatment with various macrophage-stimulating substances were analyzed. Pristane-elicited peritoneal macrophages (PM) were found to express strong arginase activity and to release L-ornithine into the extracellular space. This activity is strongly reduced within 3 hr after treatment with tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) but not with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Resident PM usually express little arginase activity, but this activity is markedly augmented within 24 or 48 hr after treatment with LPS. The release of ornithine by peritoneal cells (PC) (60 to 90% macrophages) was found to be correlated with their immunogenicity as determined by the in vivo immunization for a subsequent in vitro secondary cytotoxic response against minor H antigens. The immunogenicity of pristane-elicited PC is markedly stronger than that of resident PC or TPA-treated, pristane-elicited PC. Moreover, the immunogenicity of the resident PC and TPA-treated elicited PC is substantially augmented by the simultaneous injection of ornithine, whereas the immunogenicity of the untreated elicited PC is not further augmented by exogenous ornithine, indicating that the endogenous production of ornithine by the stimulating cells has a strong influence on the resulting immune response. Injection of glutathione into pristane-treated mice also reduces the ornithine production and immunogenicity of the resulting peritoneal exudate cells. The immunogenicity in this case is at lest partly reconstituted by application of exogenous ornithine. Our experiments revealed no correlation between the production of ornithine and prostaglandin E2. Prostaglandin E2 production of resident and pristane-elicited PC is not markedly different and is in either case strongly augmented by TPA. Elicited or resident PM which have been incubated fore several days in cultural release practically no ornithine; but ornithine production can be induced again by incubation for 24 hr with LPS and to some extent also with interferon-.gamma.


PMID: 3110288

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