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Development of the retinotectal system in normal quail embryos cytoarchitectonic development and optic fiber innervation


, : Development of the retinotectal system in normal quail embryos cytoarchitectonic development and optic fiber innervation. Developmental Brain Research 29(1): 123-140

The development of the optic tectum and the establishment of retinotectal projections were investigated in the quail embryo from day E2 to hatching day (E16) with Cresyl violet-thionine, silver staining and anterograde axonal tracing methods. Both tectal cytodifferentiation and retinotectal innervation occur according to a rostroventral-caudodorsal gradient. Radial migration of postmitotic neurons starts on day E4. At E14, the tectum is fully laminated. Optic fibers reach the tectum on day E5 and cover its surface on day E10. 'Golgi-like' staining of optic fibers with HRP injected in vitro on the surface of the tectum reveals that: (i) growing fronts are formed exclusively by axons extending over the tectal surface; (ii) fibers penetrating the outer tectal layers are always observed behind the growing fronts; (iii) the penetrating fibers are either the tip of the optic axons or collateral branches; (iv) as they penetrate the tectum, optic fibers give off branches which may extend for long distances within their terminal domains; (v) the optic fiber terminal arbors acquire their mature morphology by day E14. The temporal sequence of retinotectal development in the quail was compared to that already established for the chick, thus providing a basis for further investigation of the development of the retinotectal system in chimeric avian embryos obtained after xenoplastic transplantation of quail tectal primordia into the chick neural tube3.

US$19.90

PMID: 2428449

DOI: 10.1016/0165-3806(86)90088-x


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