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E rosette forming cells and humoral antibody titers in humans after vaccination with 3 inactivated influenza virus vaccines a ussr 92 77 h 1 n 1


, : E rosette forming cells and humoral antibody titers in humans after vaccination with 3 inactivated influenza virus vaccines a ussr 92 77 h 1 n 1. Acta Virologica 26(6): 466-473

The number of E [erythrocyte]-rosette-forming cells and the serum hemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody titers were examined in 37 volunteers immediately before and 14, 28, 35 and 63 days after immunization with 3 inactivated influenza virus vaccines A/USSR/92/77 (H1N1), NIB 6 and in 11 non-vaccinated controls. From the former, 10 volunteers were immunized with 1000 hemagglutinin (HA) IU per dose, 11 volunteers with the NIB 6 adsorbate vaccine (340 HA IU/dose) and 16 volunteers with a bivalent vaccine composed of 180 HA IU/dose NIB 6 and 180 HA IU/dose of influenza virus A/Bangkok X-73 (H3N2). The percentage of E-rosette-forming cells was decreased in all vaccinated volunteers 14 days after vaccination; later on, the values reached a normal level of non-vaccinated controls or of subjects before vaccination. The number of E-rosette-forming cells was in correlation with the applied virus vaccine dose, i.e., for the 1000 HA IU/dose: 29.95 .+-. 11.74%, P < 0.001 and for the 340 HA IU/dose: 47.75 .+-. 11.15%, P < 0.005; after administration of 180 HA IU/dose of NIB 6 in the bivalent vaccine, the value 58.65 .+-. 11.5% was not significantly decreased in comparison to non-vaccinated donors. The serum HI antibody titers reached the highest level 14 days after vaccination and remained constant during the next 6 wk. There was a correlation between decreased E-rosette values and increased serum antibody titers (P < 0.05). Evidently, the number of E-rosette-forming cells may serve as a further laboratory criterion for controlling the effect of inactivated influenza virus vaccines on the immune system of man.

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