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Effects of bombesin on thermoregulatory responses and hypothalamic neuronal activities in the rat

, : Effects of bombesin on thermoregulatory responses and hypothalamic neuronal activities in the rat. American Journal of Physiology 251(2 Pt 2): R303-R309

Direct administration of bombesin (1, 10, and 100 ng/microliter) into the preoptic anterior hypothalamic area caused a dose-related fall in rectal temperature at ambient temperatures (Ta) of 8 and 22 degrees C. The hypothermia in response to bombesin was brought about by a decrease in metabolism at Ta 8 degrees C, whereas at Ta 22 degrees C the hypothermia was brought about by both a decrease in metabolism and an increase in cutaneous temperature. However, at Ta 30 degrees C, intrahypothalamic administration of bombesin caused an insignificant change in thermoregulatory responses. On the other hand, 51 single neurons in the preoptic anterior hypothalamic area were examined in 20 rats under urethan anesthesia. Each animal was subjected to scrotal warming or cooling and to the administration of bombesin. Microiontophoretic application of bombesin resulted in inhibition of the majority (62.5%) of cold-responsive neurons as well as excitation of the majority (50%) of warm-responsive neurons recorded in the preoptic anterior hypothalamic area. However, the majority (74%) of thermally unresponsive neurons were not affected by bombesin application. The data indicate that bombesin, when administered intrahypothalamically, excites warm-responsive neurons and inhibits cold-responsive neurons within the preoptic anterior hypothalamic area to induce hypothermia by promoting an increase in heat loss and a decrease in heat production.


PMID: 3740312

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