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Genetic analyses of 4 di ethyl sulfate induced culm height mutants of sorghum bicolor


, : Genetic analyses of 4 di ethyl sulfate induced culm height mutants of sorghum bicolor. Crop Science 17(4): 617-621

Four mutants of S. bicolor (L.) Moench were crossed among themselves and to the parental cultivars and 4 tester lines to obtain information on inheritance of the mutant characters. The mutants varied phenotypically and were different from the parental cultivars and from the tester lines for culm height, internode length, and node number. One mutant (ES-1) showed a digenic difference for culm height, but 2 others (ES-2 and RO-1) exhibited monogenic differences in crosses with their parental cultivars. Monogenic inheritance was shown for internode length and number of nodes for progenies from mutant .times. parent crosses ES-2 and RO-1. Data from crosses among mutants suggested that E-2 and R-1 were nonallelic to each other for culm height, but ES-1 showed high dominance with ES-2 and RO-1 for this character. Mutant ES-3 was much different from the 3 others and did not allow flowering in 1972. Its behavior suggested that possibly a major mutation had occurred at a locus other than the 4 known height loci.

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