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Genetic control of red cell osmotic fragility

, : Genetic control of red cell osmotic fragility. Journal of Heredity 76(1): 31-35

Among normal mouse strains, natural genetic variation offers the potential to investigate the structure and function of cell membranes. One such polymorphism between C57BL/6J and DBA/2J is a difference in erythrocyte sensitivity to osmotic lysis. The genetic basis for erythrocyte osmotic fragility differences between mouse strains C57BL/6 and DBA/2 was examined through analyses of their serial backcross progeny, recombinant inbred (ri) strains (BXD), and congenic C57BL/6 strains with allelic differences at Hbb or Fv-2. The data indicate that the fragility difference between C57BL/6 and DBA/2 is the result of allelic differences at a minimum of two segregating loci. One of these might be linked to, but is not identical with the gene encoding the beta chain of hemoglobin (Hbb). Allelic differences at Fv-2, a gene known to control the proportion of erythroid precursors in the S phase, and at Hba, the structural locus of hemoglobin alpha chain also appear to exert no major influence on red cell osmotic fragility. Furthermore, the fact that red cells from one of the RI strans (BXD-31) are strikingly more resistant than those from the resistant parental strain DBA/2 leads to the conclusion that the degree of resistance/susceptibility for either strain is determined by the combined contributions of gene effects not all of which act in the same direction. We also found that red cells from strans C57BL/6 and DBA/2 differ in their uptake of 51Cr. This result suggests the possibility that red cell osmotic fragility differences may be due in part to differences in ion metabolism or membrane transport.


PMID: 3980972

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