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Isotope effect studies of the chemical mechanism of nad malic enzyme from crassula


, : Isotope effect studies of the chemical mechanism of nad malic enzyme from crassula. Biochemistry 26(9): 2594-2596

The 13C primary kinetic isotope effect on the decarboxylation of malate by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide malic enzyme from Crassula argentea is 1.0199 .+-. 0.0006 with proteo L-malate-2-H and 1.0162 .+-. 0.0003 with malate-2-d. The primary deuterium isotope effect is 1.45 .+-. 0.10 on V/K and 1.93 .+-. 0.13 on Vmax. This indicates a stepwise conversion of malate to pyruvate and CO2 with hydride transfer preceding decarboxylation, thereby suggesting a discrete oxaloacetate intermediate. This is in agreement with the stepwise nature of the chemical mechanism of other malic enzymes despite the Crassula enzyme's inability to reduce or decarboxylate oxaloacetate. Differences in morphology and allosteric regulation between enzymes suggest specialization of the Crassula malic enzyme for the physiology of crassulacean acid metabolism while maintaining the catalytic events found in malic enzymes from animal sources.

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