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Lactate dehydrogenase changes following several cardiac hypertrophic stresses

, : Lactate dehydrogenase changes following several cardiac hypertrophic stresses. Journal of Applied Physiology 40(6): 923-926

The effects of four different cardiac hypertrophic stresses on cardiac lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isozyme composition and activity were examined. Altitude-induced right ventricular hypertrophy was accompanied by an increase of 10% in the M subunit of LDH in right ventricle, left ventricle, and atria. Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by aortic stenosis also produced isozyme changes in the ventricles, but of only half the magnitude. Biventricular hypertrophy, induced by running or swimming, was accompanied by 4-5% increases in M LDH in the ventricles only. We conclude that changes in LDH activity are directly related to changes in the M subunit in all three portions of the heart. No changes in H subunit were noted under any of the stresses. It appears that the magnitude of changes in cardiac LDH isozyme composition are only marginally related to extent of hypertrophy.


PMID: 132420

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