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Lactate extraction during net lactate release in legs of humans during exercise

, : Lactate extraction during net lactate release in legs of humans during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 60(4): 1116-1120

Lactate metabolism was studied in six normal [human] males using a primed continuous infusion of lactate tracer during continuous graded supine cycle erogometer exercise. Subjects exercised at 49, 98, 147, and 196 W for 6 min at each work load. Blood was sampled from the brachial artery, the iliac vein, and the brachial vein. Arteriovenous differences were determined for chemical lactate concentration and L-[1-14C]-lactate. Tracer-measured lactate extraction was determined from the decrease in lactate radioactivity per volume of blood perfusing the tissue bed. Net lactate release was determined from the change in lactate concentration across the tissue bed. Total lactate release was taken as the sum of tracer-measured lactate extraction and net (chemical) release. At rest the arms and legs showed tracer-measured lactate extraction, as determined from the isotope extraction, despite net chemical release. Exercise elicited an increase in both net lactate release and tracer-measured lactate extraction by the legs. For the legs the total lactate release (net lactate release + tracer-measured lactate extraction) was roughly equal to twice the net lactate release under all conditions. The tracer-measured lactate extraction by the exercising legs was positively correlated to arterial lactate concentration (r = 0.81, P < 0.001) at the lower two power outputs. The arm showed net lactate extraction during exercise, which was correlated to the arterial concentration (r = 0.86). The results demonstrate that exercising skeletal muscle extracts a significant amount of lactate during net lactate release and that the working skeletal muscle appears to be a major site of blood lactate removal during exercise.


PMID: 3084443

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