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Limited value of balloon dilatation in calcified aortic stenosis in adults direct observation during open heart surgery

, : Limited value of balloon dilatation in calcified aortic stenosis in adults direct observation during open heart surgery. American Journal of Cardiology 60(10): 857-864

Percutaneous balloon dilatation was recently recommended as a treatment for management of calcified aortic valvular stenosis. This procedure was initially reserved for patients who were not considered surgical candidates; it is now regarded by some as an acceptable alternative for valve replacement. To investigate the validity of this postulate, balloon valvuloplasty was performed under direct vision in the operating room in 16 patients just before excision and replacement of their ossified aortic valve. Changes after valvuloplasty were evaluated by inspection as well as by geometric measurements. The authors found that balloon valvuloplasty did not make a detectable impact on valvular anatomy in about two-thirds of the patients and induced enlargement of the functional aortic orifice judged as "minimal" or "moderate" in one-third of the cases. In no patient was there significant increase in the functinal orifice size. Other investigators have shown that hemodynamic and clinical improvement may be induced in some patients by small increases in the aortic orifice; based on the observations herein, such as improvement, if it occurs at all, would be short-lasting, the procedure should be offered only to those who present truly prohibitive risk by standards of modern surgery.


PMID: 3661401

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