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Mercury fallout in hawaii


, : Mercury fallout in hawaii. Water Air and Soil Pollution 9(1): 113-118

Hg fallout was measured 10 m from the selected emission site, the Sulfur Banks fumarole area, Hawaii [USA] Volcanoes National Park; at stations on Maui and Oahu, respectively, 200 km and 380 km distant from the Sulfur Banks; and at the Hawaii Geothermal Project drill site, only 40 km from source. Sulfur Banks and Oahu measurements were carried out on 6 occasions between 1972 and 1976, each time within the same 24 h period. Au foil was used for collection of elemental Hg (Hg.degree.) and Cu foil for oxidized (Hgox) and elemental forms. The rate of deposition at the Sulfur Banks was high.sbd.800 .mu.g m-2, or 300 kg km-2 annually. The same figure applied to the relatively nearby geothermal project site. At both remote stations the fallout rate was approximately 10-fold lower. At 4 measurement times of 6 the ratio Hg.degree./Hgox ranged from 0.195-0.463 at the Sulfur Banks source and from 1.80-5.15 at the remote stations. On 2 occasions, heavy rains selectively reduced Hgox at the emission site. Model calculations compared Sulfur Banks fallout with rates of re-emission of Hg by vegetation, and the importance of the biotic factor in determination of mass balances and fluxes was emphasized. Aspects of the geochemistry and toxicology of Hg were considered briefly in relation to emission and deposition, and to the occurrence of Hg.degree.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1007/bf00185751


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