geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Palm oil and pyrantel as child nutrition mass interventions in Papua New Guinea


, : Palm oil and pyrantel as child nutrition mass interventions in Papua New Guinea. Tropical and Geographical Medicine 37(1): 1-10

Two mass interventions in the local low energy-density diet were evaluated for safety, acceptability and nutritional efficacy in a four-group matched study of 896 Papua New Guinea children aged 12-54 months. A single dose of 125 mg of pyrantel pamoate and an 800 mg supply of red palm oil were given monthly at the regular child health clinics. Both were safe and highly accepted. Children given palm oil gained more weight than controls (P less than .05) in the first three study months, confirming a pilot study. However, weight gain after one year was 94% of standard, with no differences in anthropometry, morbidity or mortality between groups. The lack of demonstrable differences at one year is attributed to secular improvement in control group nutrition and to diffusion of palm oil supplies within the family. While pyrantel was an effective antihelminthic, further study is needed to define the nutritional role of mass worm treatment. Palm oil was economical and culturally popular; thus it should be an ideal import substitution. It is clinically useful where diets are of low energy-density. However, any simultaneous demonstration of its nutritional safety, acceptability as a sustained mass intervention must be carried out in an area where major child growth deficits remain and expropriation of the oil by other household members can be controlled.

US$29.90

PMID: 4012846


Other references

Snyder, J.J.; Salkowski, N.; Zaun, D.; Leppke, S.N.; Leighton, T.; Israni, A.K.; Kasiske, B.L., 2014: New quality monitoring tools provided by the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients: CUSUM. The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) has been providing data on transplant program performance through semi-annual release of program-specific reports (PSRs). A consensus conference held in February 2012 recommended that SRTR al...

Anderson, L.E.; L.D.ng; Muslin, E.H.; Schiffer, M.; Stevens, F.J., 2000: Identifying redox-sensitive extra-chloroplastic enzymes by homology modeling. A review of the literature. Homology modelling has been used to identify extra-chloroplastic enzymes that contain potential disulphide bonds. All of the higher plant fructose bisphosphatases and mitochondrial citrate synthases that have been teste...

Fitch, E.A.; Denman, F.R., 1962: Repair of the surgically divided sternum. Surgery 52: 632-633

Paukner, S.; Riedl, R., 2016: Pleuromutilins: Potent Drugs for Resistant Bugs-Mode of Action and Resistance. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Pleuromutilins are antibiotics that selectively inhibit bacterial translation and are semisynthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring tricyclic diterpenoid pleuromutilin, which received its name from the...

Scholes, P.L.e, J., 1978: Properties of a K+. Acta physiologica scandinavica: 27-437

Whiffler, L.A., 1988: Venom protein production, alarm pheromones, and guarding behaviour. Results are reported for African honeybee workers [race not stated]. The amount of venom protein released in a sting was negligible at 3 days old then it increased with age; at 15 days it was about 30 micro g/bee, and by 17 days it reached 60 micr...

Hwang, S.; Meyerhoff, M.E., 2008: Polyurethane with tethered copper(II)-cyclen complex: preparation, characterization and catalytic generation of nitric oxide from S-nitrosothiols. The preparation and characterization of a commercial biomedical-grade polyurethane (Tecophilic (R), SP-93A-100) material possessing covalently linked copper(II)-cyclen moieties as a nitric oxide (NO) generating polymer are described. Chemilumines...

Viereck, V.; Peschers, U.; Singer, M.; Schuessler, B., 1997: Standardisation of terminology of the female genital prolapse recording to the new ICS criteria. Clinical Applicability: To date no binding staging system exists for the quantification of genital prolapse, allowing a clear differentiation between the individual compartments with descension potential (anterior, posterior vaginal wall, vaginal...

Foster John H., 1967: Paleomagnetic stratigraphy of deep sea sediments in the central North Pacific. Transactions - American Geophysical Union 48(1): 90

Decoulx, P.; Bonte, G.; Ducloux, M., 1972: Acromioclavicular dislocations. Anatomophysiologic, radiologic and therapeutic study. Annales de Radiologie 15(7): 609-621