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Pollution indicator bacteria associated with municipal raw and drinking water supplies

, : Pollution indicator bacteria associated with municipal raw and drinking water supplies. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 23(4): 465-470

A total of 3819 bacterial cultures isolated from municipal water samples were identified using a combination of Enterotubes and confirmatory media. Frequency distributions for the different genera or groups of bacteria were similar for raw water and drinking water isolations, except for Escherichia organisms which doubled their frequency in raw water. Differences between the membrane filter (MF) and presence-absence (P-A) test with regard to types of organisms isolated were limited to Klebsiella organisms which were preferentially cultured from MF plates. Members of the genus Enterobacter were isolated more than twice as frequently as any of the other coliform genera dealt with in this study. Aeromonas organisms were detected almost as often as such individual genera as Escherichia, Citrobacter or Klebsiella. Although non-lactose fermenting colonies (false-negatives) of the coliform genera would not be detected by the MF technique, their lack of detection would likely be offset by the Aeromonas colonies (false-positives). At least 25% of the coliform isolates were either anaerogenic or non-lactose fermenters and would therefore go undetected by the most probable number (MPN) technique.


PMID: 324588

DOI: 10.1139/m77-068

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