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Polymorphism of the x chromosome y chromosome and autosomes in the australian hopping mice notomys alexis notomys cervinus and notomys fuscus rodentia muridae


, : Polymorphism of the x chromosome y chromosome and autosomes in the australian hopping mice notomys alexis notomys cervinus and notomys fuscus rodentia muridae. Chromosoma (Berlin) 61(3): 243-256

All 3 spp. of Notomys so far studied possess a diploid number of 48. Many elements in the karyotype of N. alexis are polymorphic due to variation in heterochromatin, but the variation is most marked in autosomal pair 1, which occurs in at least 4 forms, the X-chromosome, which occurs in 3 forms, and the Y-chromosome which occurs in many forms. N. cervinus is unique in the genus in possessing an entirely biarmed karyotype due mainly to the addition of heterochromatic short arms. The X-chromosome of N. cervinus occurs in 3 forms and the Y-chromosome in 2 forms. The karyotype of N. fuscus is mainly telocentric although 2 autosomal pairs are polymorphic due to pericentric inversions. The X- and Y-chromosomes both occur in 2 forms in N. fuscus. Chromosome measurements and C-banding show that most of the variation in the size and morphology of the sex-pair both within and between species is due to variation in constitutive heterochromatin.

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